On the occasion of the 140th anniversary of the Paris Commune
Gianluigi Bellei presents
“Progetto Pere Lachaise, 28 May 1871″
In 72 days of the Commune were enshrined certain principles that are valid even today: the separation of Church and State, the free education and fair wages for workers. In this context of direct democracy artists took an active part in this social and cultural renewal. The exhibition in Milan, as well as outlining the central moment of defeat communard, represented by the shooting of the last fighters against armed Versaillese the Père-Lachaise, pone the accento sulla Artists Federation.
The 6 April 1871 Gustave Courbet lancia un appello a tutti gli artisti parigini per concorrere alla ricostituzione e il ristabilimento delle arti e della loro fortuna. More than 400 artists respond by participating in the general meeting 13 aprile nell'anfiteatro School of Medicine. Here is formed a Provisional Committee composed of 47 membership: 16 painters, 10 sculptors, 5 architects, 6 incisori and 10 represented the decorative arts. The program emphasizes the enhancement of the monuments, libraries and museums to make them accessible to all, encourage studies, the realization of national and international exhibitions, rifiutando in maniera assoluta quelle mercantili e incoraggiando l’insegnamento della storia e della filosofia dell’arte nelle scuole primarie e professionali. Si prospetta la creazione di un giornale chiamato «Officiel des Arts» e l’emancipazione morale e intellettuale degli artisti. The 17 April to the Louvre is ufficalmente elected Committee, with presidential Courbet, you put to work immediately and the 9 May comes to Eduard Vaillant, Public Education Officer, with a report on the reforms to be made to the administration of the Fine Arts. The main issues addressed are the suppression of the budget for services incompatible with the inauguration of a regime of freedom, the increase in the budget of the municipal services of teaching, the suppression of the budget relief and official encouragement to get rid of all the protection and the reduction of government budget service architecture for Decentralization.
The artists propose, then, manage firsthand the artistic activity in the emerging City through a series of participatory initiatives that make it unique in the history of art by following three principles: culture must be independent of the, must be accessible to all and can not be commodified. Are then open to all libraries and museums: the 24 April, the National Library, May 8, the Mazarine Library, the Museum of the Luxemburg 15 May, the Louvre the next day ...
The exhibitions Exhibitions of Bellei interacts with different languages with the events and participants also unknown the Municipality to re-propose in its present form the aspirations and projects to mo 'example for the future.
In this sense it is understood the approach interdiscipliare and the search for a new reality relationship between artist and audience that goes beyond the typical art institutional barriers and authoritarian.
For example, a USB stick containing a few files with images, books in pdf-as the very rare Arts Federations under the Commune Paul Hippeau printed in 350 specimens in 1890-, songs, is made available to the visitor to attach it to your PC and download the materials it deems interesting, or upload other documents regarding the Paris Commune who want to share. Through a CD player you can listen The great sun load of love Luigi Nono in the direct version 2001 Lothar Zagrosek the head of the State Orchestra of Stuttgart. Also will be broadcast every other day movies The New Babylon Grigori Kozintsev's 1929 e The Commune Peter Watkins's 2000.
An interdisciplinary project and metalinguistic banner of contamination, between past and present, the intersection of different disciplines; open to new media and to the concept of "death of the author" up to recent developments, present in a nutshell work Yesterday and Today, where time and space are mixed among men, animals, buildings, in a terrible indifferenziarsi history.
The Paris Commune
The 19 luglio 1870 begins the Franco-Prussian War originated on the one hand by the desire to achieve Prussian German unity and the other by the desire of Napoleon III to restore the prestige of the Empire. The result is the rapid defeat of the imperial army. The 2 Sedan September to the last French army was forced to surrender. The Prussians occupy throughout the East of France and then Paris. These conditions imposed by the armistice cause serious discontent among the inhabitants of the city. Leon Gambetta e, after, Adolphe Thiers, become provisional leaders of the new republic. The latter proposes the disarmament of the National Guard as a first step to subdue Paris Assembly in the meantime moved to Versailles.
The 18 marzo 1871 Thiers's troops are forced to leave Paris and is the municipality that, the 28 marzo, is established officially at the Hôtel de Ville. The Assembly of Versailles decides to attack the city. The 21 May the troops of Thiers enter Paris with 100.000 men. The National Guard is made up of 20.000-30.000 Federated struggling neighborhood by neighborhood. The battle ends at the cemetery of Père-Lachaise, where 147 survivors are shot at dawn of 28 May. In June, more than 20.000 Parisians are passed for weapons and many deported to New Caledonia.
The Paris Commune is not that hard 72 giorni ma lascia un segno indelebile nella storia. È stata un innovativo laboratorio politico: the laws promulgated during this short period are inspired by the principles of direct democracy, of freedom of expression and, first, emancipation of women and workers. The City is also considered a republic “universal”, beyond the classes or border, and conferred the title of citizen to anyone who would accept and serve its values.